The Hungarian government, collaborating with the occupying German Nazis, put its complete law enforcement and administrative apparatus at the disposal of the "dejewification" process. The gendarmerie and the police carried out the anti-Jewish orders with zeal, enthusiasm and efficiency that surprised even the Germans. Although we can draw a significantly more nuanced picture of the behaviour of the police than of the gendarmerie, dark elements are not missing from here either. During the summer deportations in the countryside the police were thrown into action with the gendarmerie and its members also showed brutality, however in fewer cases. Although the rescue activity of the police became more prevalent, many of them still treated Jews cruelly.
The State Security Surveillance
We must talk separately about the police's political division, led by Péter Hain
Péter Hain, commander of the Hungarian Gestapo
The Hungarian Gestapo was staffed by policemen, but their deeds can in no way be regarded as typical of the Hungarian police, since the State Security Surveillance was small in number (though great in influence), and was comprised essentially of hardcore pro-Nazi sympathizers and antisemites. The cruelty of those employed by the State Security Surveillance is also documented by the DEGOB protocols.
Spring and summer months
Several survivors reported negatively on the behaviour of the police witnessed during the deportations. The ghettos of
Policeman on guard duty at the gate of a ghetto, summer 1944
The protocols show that the police also took part in brutalities at other notorious ghettos in the
Words of the survivors - link center
We encounter brutal policemen in the recollections of Jews deported from other regions as well. For example, between the Duna and Tisza rivers: "at Kecskemét we received a terrible reception. When the police examined our belongings, the police cursed us and beat us up with rubber batons." In West Hungary: "[At Sárbogárd] before we were to set off to the guildhall [a collection site] detectives interrogated us for three days straight using rubber batons, to make us produce hidden valuables. But they found nothing because the gendarmerie had got there first." In the area of Budapest: in Rákoskeresztur the police, during the "entrainment also treated us inhumanely. A police officer beat me on the head because I asked to travel with my wife."
Budapest, winter of 1944-1945
Although after the Arrow Cross takeover more and more policemen tried to help the Jews, many of
Jews in the Kistarcsa internment camp
The police also participated in the deportations at the Józsefváros railway station alongside the gendarmerie. "The policemen treated us the most brutally." - recalls Mrs Gábor Gerő.
The authorities began using the Rumbach Sebestyén Street synagogue as an internment center. Mrs Károly Fuchs said she found the detectives there "highly brutal."
A similar internment camp functioned in the building of the Rabbinical Seminary in Rökk Szilárd Street. Etel Lind was declared to have "alien nationality", which is why she was interned here. "Here the police took all our valuables and treated us with great brutality."
Budapest lawyer Dr E. A. was arrested on March 21st as a "politically unreliable" element. He was transferred from Rökk Szilárd Street to the Kistarcsa internment camp, from where he was eventually released at the end of September. Two days later, he was arrested again and accompanied to the prison in Margit Boulevard. "On the way I tried to escape. I did not succeed and the policemen beat me up."
Some of the police guarding the Tsuk factory in Csepel "took advantage of the unprotected women and used force". At the Mauthner factory "on one occasion, a policeman stationed there tore the sheet from a neurasthenic patient there and tried to rape her..." - said G. F, who was a Budapest medical student.
The Nagybátony-Újlak Brick Factory at Bécsi Road 136 was one of the starting points
Words of the survivors - link center
M. F. and his companions were taken into the ghetto on December 3rd 1944. In a single room in Teleki Square "numerous people were crammed together. The Arrow Cross beat people, we were suffocating from the bad air and we were very hungry. Some policemen were willing to bring some small things to eat for a large sum of money." The policemen had no will to help any further than that. F. M. was deported to Bergen-Belsen; he was liberated in Theresienstadt.
 Braham 1997, p. 414.
 This name is fitting for a number of reasons. Besides its inhuman methods, the State Security Surveillance emulated the structural organization of the Gestapo as well. Division no. 4 of the Hain police obtained the task of "implementing legal measures against people considered to be Jewish." (Cited by Braham 1997, p. 414.) This division was named IV/4, the same as Eichmann's department within RSHA (RSHA IV/b/4). The division led by László Koltay had its headquarters in the Majestic Hotel on Sváb Hill, one storey above Eichmann's office.
 See for example, protocols 2052; 3133; 1814; 3035.
 According to Protocol 1969, the brutalities at Munkács were perpetrated by novice policemen imported to Munkács from Budapest. No other protocol supports this assertion.
 Protocol 3092.
 Protocol 3307.
 Protocol 99.
 Protocol 2342.
 Protocol 2043.
 Again some random examples: Ungvár: "The border to the Ungvár ghetto was demarcated with red flags. Two people who overstepped the flags were beaten up by Hungarian policemen." (Protocol 489) Nagyszőllős: "Gendarmes and policemen guarded the ghetto. They both beat the Jews frequently. Some were so wild that they would beat up any Jew they encountered wherever they went.) (Protocol 1127) Huszt: "In Huszt...the gendarmes and policemen were crude and bad." (Protocol 1860)
 Protocol 418.
 Protocol 86.
 Protocol 627. About Csatáry, see also Braham 1997, p. 572 and Karsai - Molnár 1994, p. 287.
 Protocol 3192.
 Protocol 2946.
 Protocol 2944.
 Protocol 3040 .
 Protocol 3030.
 Protocol 1834.
 Protocol 3620.
 Protocol 1930.
 Protocol 1128.
Randolph L. Braham: A népirtás politikája - a Holocaust Magyarországon. (The Politics of Genocide. The Holocaust in Hungary.) Vols. 1-2. Budapest, 1997, Belvárosi Könyvkiadó.
Karsai L. - Molnár 1994
László Karsai- Judit Molnár (eds.): Az Endre-Baky-Jaross per. (The Endre-Baky-Jaross Trial.) Budapest, 1994, Cserépfalvi.